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Denis Mukwege

Dr. Mukwege Accepts Seoul Peace Prize

Dr. Mukwege Accepts Seoul Peace Prize

REMARKS AS PREPARED FOR DELIVERY
Delivered by Dr. Denis Mukwege to Seoul Peace Prize Cultural Foundation Award Ceremony
Dynasty Room, Hotel Shilla, Seoul


Chairman of the Seoul Peace Prize Cultural Foundation,
Members of the Seoul Peace Prize Selection Committee,
Distinguished guests,
Ladies and gentleman,
Friends of peace,

It is my pleasure to be with you today in Korea. Thank you for your warm welcome!

On behalf of my staff working each day, tirelessly, I am humbled and honored to accept the Seoul Peace Prize. At Panzi Hospital and Foundations, we treat, heal, and help revitalize dignity within our patients who have faced evil and survived. 

To all survivors of rape and sexual violence around the world, I dedicate this Prize to you as an acknowledgement of your humanity and suffering, and our shared desire for peace. 

I must also honor and recognize the resilience of the so-called Comfort Women. They suffered immeasurable pain, indignity, violence, and social stigmatization. In their memory, and in the memory of all victims of rape and sexual violence, I re-dedicate myself to pursuing peace, seeking truth and reconciliation, standing up for the rights of all people, and healing survivors around the world. We are one family and community. In your honor, I accept this prestigious award with humility and with hope. 

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said that "Every man must decide whether he will walk in the light of creative altruism or in the darkness of destructive selfishness. This is the judgment."

Dr. King then asked us, "Life's most persistent and urgent question is: What are you doing for others?" 

I am doing my duty, as we all must. Each one of us confronted with the suffering of any fellow human being must show concern and compassion. We must take action to help those in need. This is what we do every day at Panzi. 

I have hope despite that, for too long, the use of rape and sexual violence in times of war - and in peace - has been ignored or denied. This global issue affects humanity as a whole. Because of the tireless work of those in the medical community, advocates for justice, and civil society voices around the world, addressing rape and sexual violence is on the agenda of the international community. But, more needs to be done.

By expressing your solidarity with victims of sexual violence in conflict, you have chosen to stand against the indifference that survivors endure. You are joining those who know suffering is not an inevitable part of war. You are reaffirming that lasting peace and security can only be achieved when threats to women are seen as threats to all. 

This prize is a message to survivors. You are valued and not forgotten. Your cries and your voices are heard. Together we commit ourselves to building a healthier, more just, and peaceful world. 

Friends of peace, ladies and gentlemen, and survivors, 

My heart is also heavy. Today is October 6, and I am compelled to share with you one of the most difficult memories of my life. 

This date lives within me, in my work, but also in my soul. Twenty years ago, in 1996, I was the medical director of the hospital in Lemera - a village in the beautiful hills of the South Kivu Province in Eastern Congo, near the borders with Burundi and Rwanda. 

That day, an armed group attacked the hospital, killed 30 of my patients - sick and wounded people - and three members of my medical staff. 

I miraculously survived. 

This war crime was the first massacre of many that are still ravaging the region where I live and work. 

Those who have command responsibility for this serious breach of international humanitarian law that marked the beginning of the war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are well known. Their crimes have been documented and listed in a report of the United Nations (UN). Not one of the perpetrators has been prosecuted or brought to justice. 

Twenty years after this atrocity at Lemera was committed, no one has ever been held accountable. Neither the families of the victims nor the community received any sort of redress. No memorial has been built on the site of the mass grave where the remains of the innocent victims were buried with no names. 

There is no official recognition of what happened.

No academic or history book is teaching our children at school about the day that changed the course of the modern history in the Great Lakes region. No truth. No memory. No reparation. No justice for the victims. No dignity for the innocents. 

Three years after the 1996 massacre, my aim was to build a hospital where women could receive good healthcare in order to reduce maternal mortality. But our first patient did not come to deliver a baby. She had been raped with extreme violence. It was the first time we had witnessed such an inhumane act. We thought the case must be an isolated one. It quickly became clear that it was only the beginning of a humanitarian disaster of tremendous proportions that plagues us to this day.

The bodies of women and girls are now the battlefields of a conflict that has killed and displaced millions of people. Rape has been used in a widespread and systematic manner as a weapon of war, as a deliberate political and military strategy. Many of these atrocities have been committed by child soldiers brainwashed by warlords and domestic and foreign armed forces to destroy communities. Yet we should not forget that children who perpetrate sexual violence are often victims themselves. 

In this climate of impunity, trauma and gender discrimination, rape is becoming more and more prevalent among civilians, and is spreading across society. Rape should never be normalized, or accepted as a consequence of conflict.

Is rape about uncontrolled sexual desire? No. Rape as a weapon of war is about power. It is first and foremost a strategy to demoralize, destabilize and displace entire communities. It is not incidental violence. Rape as a weapon of war is committed in a systematic way with specific goals. Often in public and with brutal violence, targeting civilians.

Recently we have been confronted with an even more troubling and shocking side of violence and destruction: the rape of children and infants. The wards at Panzi hospital are increasingly filled with young innocent faces. 

No one should accept what is unacceptable. Red lines must not be crossed without serious action and accountability. Our children's lives matter. 

Friends of peace,

Officially, there has been peace in the DRC since 2002, but the harsh reality in eastern Congo is one of violence and ongoing conflicts. 

Despite various peace agreements, which are supposed to foster democratic transition under the watch of the UN's largest peacekeeping mission, MONUSCO, we live in neither war nor peace. 

We live in a new form of conflict involving numerous militias and armed groups. Like criminal enterprises, they operate in the shadows, with the complicity of unscrupulous businessmen and corrupt leaders. They exploit our land and our people for personal interests. This occurs in an economy that is largely militarized and is based on the illegal trade of minerals resources.

We must break the existing links between armed conflicts and illegal exploitation of natural resources. Often called "conflict minerals" or "blood minerals." 

These resources are abundant in the region where I live. They continue to power our cell phones, tablet, laptops and other electronic devices. This industry in Congo is partially driven by the modern slavery, of women and men, but also of exploited children who work in inhumane conditions and are victims of all forms of abuse. 

Human dignity must be at the heart of ethical governance, and at the center in our shared economic and financial interests. 

In a globalized market, responsible consumers must be made aware that even though we may not be directly associated with these illegal activities and human rights abuses, our purchases can and do contribute to these types of crimes. 

We must be aware of the links between our mobile phones and other devices and the instability in the DRC. We have a responsibility to advocate for transparency in the upstream and downstream supply chains for these precious minerals. By doing so, we may bring stability, prosperity and peace to the people of Congo.

Ladies and gentlemen,

This is the context in which we are fighting against rape as a weapon of war. Every one of us can contribute to the resolution of this violence as responsible consumers and advocates, lifting our voices and ensuring mining companies and governments adhere to best practices. 

Since we opened Panzi Hospital in 1999, we have treated more than 48 thousand survivors of rape and sexualized violence, in addition to 35 thousand women and girls with complex gynecological injuries.

This medical care, which includes reconstructive gynecological surgery, is part of a four-pillar holistic healing model with which we strive to help survivors and their families and communities to heal the body, the mind and the spirit. 

At Panzi, survivors can access medical care, psychosocial services, legal aid, and can choose to participate in activities aimed at gaining socio-economic power and building women's leadership. When they are ready, Panzi also supports them in their community reintegration. We provide these services to help victims become survivors, to speak out, and to become advocates for peace and justice. 

Panzi Foundation is also increasingly involved in prevention work. We cannot continue to repair the damage done on our wives, daughters and sisters. We need to act to prevent the violence from occurring in the first place. 

We also must address the need to alter existing gender norms. Time has come to change mentalities, combat harmful practices and patriarchal discrimination. Hence our projects address structural issues such as gender inequality. Men and boys must work together with women and girls in the fight against sexual violence. We as men must promote women's leadership.

Education is also vital in combatting the systematic use of sexual violence. The right to education cannot continue to be denied for women who make up half of the population in the world. 

We are convinced that investing in access to education and healthcare for women and girls is not only a way for governments to fulfill their legal obligations, but is the smartest way to support social and economic development and prosperity. 

We must pursue justice for victims of sexual violence. As long as there is no accountability and complete impunity for perpetrators, the cycle of violence will continue. We must unite and show that we will no longer tolerate this behavior. When we no longer allow it to persist, justice for women and all of us will be within our grasp.

In the absence of a functioning judiciary that is able and willing to address the most serious crimes, including rape and other forms of sexualized crimes, we are calling for the establishment of an International Tribunal for Congo. Such an institution will represent one step towards ending impunity, and help the process of combatting root drivers of the instability and violence.

We find our inspiration in the fierce determination of survivors who become actors for social change in their communities. They are fighting for their rights and for peace. We strongly believe that those who have endured violence in conflict have the capacity to act as agents for peace and security. They must participate at all stages of peace processes and deserve a place at the negotiation table in peace talks. 

Dear Friends,

We will never give up. With you and other advocates around the world at our side, we can end rape as a weapon of war. 

Why, when the international community has been able to draw a red line for the use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, is there no red line with regard to rape as a weapon of war? There is legal precedent for seeking justice and obtaining convictions. 

It is crucial that the international community, the diplomatic world, donors and international criminal justice mechanisms do not allow this red line to be crossed again and again without responding. 

The survival of our humanity is at stake.

If we want to stop seeing the blood of our Congolese sisters and brothers, the international community must urgently act to prevent a new cycle of violence and repression, thereby increasing perpetration of sexual violence. Sanctions must be imposed to discourage constitutional violations that risk jeopardizing democracy. 

Friends of peace,

We will never give up as we believe it is possible to end violence and build sustainable peace in the Great Lakes region. 

We strongly believe that there will be no lasting peace nor sustainable development without having access to all the tools of transitional justice - prosecution, truth and reintegration mechanisms, vetting and reparation. 

Your country, too, has understood the tribulations surrounding reparations. Victims of wartime sexual violence must receive the proper acknowledgement. The strength of the women continuing to demand justice in Korea is inspiring. They do not give up. And neither should we. 

We are convinced that the promotion and enjoyment of human rights for all, economic, social, cultural, civil and political rights are both our means and our goal towards consolidating the path to lasting peace and democracy in Africa and worldwide. 

Finally, my dear friends and partners in peace,
 
The DRC stands on the precipice. The constitutional mandate requires the current President to step down at the end of his second and last term in December. The regime is currently in an authoritarian drift. The government's opposition, civil society, human rights defenders, journalists and youth movements, are all being persecuted. These groups are eager to witness and support the first democratic transition of power in Congo's history. 

But there are grave concerns that those in power are eager to retain power. 

In this climate of fear and terror, the message of a strengthening Congolese civil society is simple and clear: we need to respect the provisions enshrined in the 2006 Constitution, which is the result of a referendum and the fruit of a negotiated peace agreement. 

As you have lifted your voice in support of survivors of sexual violence, I ask you now to stand with all the innocent people engaging in the defense and promotion of human rights, the rule of law, and peace. 

It is my honor to be with you here, 

Thank you for your attention and support,

Denis Mukwege, MD, PhD 

Photo credit: Olivier Vanderveeren, Panzi Hospital and Foundations

Dr. Denis Mukwege Named 2016 Seoul Peace Prize Laureate

Dr. Denis Mukwege Named 2016 Seoul Peace Prize Laureate

Seoul Peace Prize Committee Named Dr. Denis Mukwege the recipient and laureate for the 2016 Seoul Peace Prize

STATEMENT FROM DR. DENIS MUKWEGE

"With gratitude, I thank the Seoul Peace Prize Committee. I am humbled by their decision, and must also acknowledge the heroism of the women and girls of my country, Democratic Republic of Congo.  This prestigious award acknowledges the world has not forgotten them, and the Committee honors their resilience. Together, we will continue our pursuit for peace and equality around the world.

"This award bears the true intent of the Olympic spirit, in the Seoul Games of 1988 and even today in Rio De Janeiro: people of different nationalities, of different races, backgrounds or languages, in a demonstration of global solidarity, and diverse capabilities can forge a path to peace.

"It is a profound honor to be a part of the Seoul Peace Prize Committee’s legacy. The Committee, and the Korean people carry the torch for peace, and with their light – they have made the world aware of the suffering and injustice inflicted upon the Congolese people over the last two decades. In this moment, I must recognize the resilience and strength of Comfort Women, who suffered pain, indignity, violence, and social stigmatization. In their memory, I re-dedicate myself to pursuing peace, reconciliation, and healing for survivors around the world.

"Injustice anywhere on our planet should ring an alarm and I call upon our common humanity to stand together against it. We are stronger for the partnerships we build in peace, in sport, and through love of our fellow human beings."


"Avec gratitude, je remercie le Comité du Prix de la Paix de Séoul. J’accepte cette décision avec humilité car il constitue une reconnaissance de l'héroïsme des femmes et des filles de mon pays, la République démocratique du Congo. Ce prix prestigieux témoigne du fait que le monde ne les a pas oublié, et le Comité rend hommage à leur résilience. Ensemble, nous allons continuer notre quête pour la paix et l'égalité dans le monde entier.
 
Ce prix est porté par l'esprit des Jeux olympiques, de Séoul en 1988 jusqu’à aujourd'hui à Rio De Janeiro: des personnes de différentes nationalités, races, origines ou langues, rassemblées autour d’une manifestation de solidarité mondiale, nous montrent que diverses compétences peuvent forger un chemin vers la paix.
 
C’est un grand honneur d’être désigné comme lauréat par le Comité du Prix de la Paix de de Séoul. Le Comité et le peuple coréen portent le flambeau de la paix, et avec leur lumière - ils ont rendu le monde conscient de la souffrance et de l'injustice infligée au peuple congolais au cours de ces deux dernières décennies. Aujourd’hui, je dois également reconnaître la résilience et la force des femmes de réconfort, qui ont enduré la douleur, l'indignité, la violence et la stigmatisation sociale. En leur mémoire, je réitère mon engagement à poursuivre la paix, la réconciliation et la guérison pour toutes les survivantes de violences sexuelles à travers le monde.
 
Partout sur notre planète, l’injustice devrait faire sonner un cri d’alarme et je lance un appel à notre humanité commune pour s’unir ensemble contre elle. Nous sommes plus forts en tant que partenaires pour construire la paix, comme dans le sport, et dans l’amour que nous portons pour nos semblables."

Mukwege: End Sexual Violence in Conflict

Mukwege: End Sexual Violence in Conflict

Statement from Dr. Denis Mukwege, 19 June 2016

Today we celebrate the first International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict.

Our thoughts immediately go to all victims, all the women and men, girls and boys, sometimes even babies, who have been abused, tortured, and subjected to rape as a strategy of war.  Rape that becomes a widespread or systematic attack against a civilian population on national, political, ethnic or racial grounds is a Crime Against Humanity. Rape is a cost efficient, cruel, inhumane and degrading war strategy deployed in too many modern conflicts.

Rape as a weapon of war should not be confused with rape, or non-consensual sex. It is first and foremost a strategy of humiliation, power, and subjection - usually committed in public, and targeting civilians. It also covers sexual slavery and forced sterilization. Systemic, orchestrated rapes are often a weapon that forces people from their homes, destroys family life, and the social fabric of entire communities. It aims to destroy the source of life and so, it concerns us all. Rape in conflict leaves evidence behind, including children born of rape, and the lingering horror when rape and gender-based violence metastasize and spread through traumatized communities and societies, their values lost, often for generations.

The first time I testified before the United Nations Security Council on the rapes committed in the Eastern regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a diplomat from one of the permanent members was reluctant to even discuss this issue at the United Nations Security Council.

Since then, progress has been made. There is growing awareness at the global level and a multitude of resolutions have been adopted by the Security Council in the wake of resolution 1325. After a too long silence and a culture of denial, the question has now attracted attention and more and more survivors are aware of their right to justice and their right to access health care safely.  

The adoption of this international day sends a strong message: the international community has opened their eyes and calls on each of us, men and women, to take action against this heinous crime. Each of us can make a difference. We can contribute to changes in attitudes to end the crime of rape, which is often presented as the oldest in the history of humanity, but which remains unpunished far too often.

We must redouble our efforts though, to raise awareness among opinion and policy makers. Together we must seek an end to impunity, and pursue justice for the victims of Rape in Conflict subjected to these crimes that shock the conscience of our collective humanity. 

The law represents the most effective tool for preventing sex crimes, at home or abroad. The landmark Akayesu case set a legal precedent and created a framework for the law, for policy makers, survivors, and their communities. In recent months, we have been encouraged by the conviction of military officials in Guatemala for acts committed against Mayan women in the early 1980s. The conviction and condemnation of the former President of Chad, Hissène Habré, in Senegal was a welcome victory for both victims and civil society associations, as well as for truth – and history. International criminal justice should focus on those who orchestrate and oversee these crimes, and on the individual perpetrators. Despite the modest progress made, I remain dismayed by the upsurge of sexual violence during conflict, leaving the overwhelming majority of victims continue to suffer in silence, without benefiting from services which are so much needed to restore their dignity.  

It is time to act, to turn words into actions, and to establish a strategy. Concrete actions with real political will further the commitments made at the London Summit, and aid us in seeing an end to sexual violence in times of conflict. It takes a clear and unequivocal commitment by each one of us, in partnership with the international community. We must establish a red line against the use of rape as a weapon of war. We must create a lasting legacy of peace and democracy not one of impunity and indifference.

Dr. Denis Mukwege, PhD


Communiqué de presse du Dr. Denis Mukwege à l’occasion de la journée internationale pour l’élimination des violences sexuelles en période de conflit

Aujourd’hui, nous célébrons la première journée internationale pour l’élimination des violences sexuelles en période de conflit.

Nos pensées vont immédiatement à toutes les victimes, hommes et femmes, garçons et jeunes filles, parfois même des enfants et des bébés, qui ont été abusés, torturés, et soumis au viol commis comme une stratégie de guerre - technique cruelle, inhumaine et dégradante qui se répand dans de trop nombreux conflits modernes.

Le viol comme arme de guerre ne doit pas être confondu avec une relation sexuelle non consentie, car il est commis le plus souvent sur des civils, en public, et de manière méthodique, massive et systématique. Les communautés locales sont également victimes d’une pléthore de violences sexuelles comme l’esclavage sexuel et les stérilisations forcées. Il s’agit avant tout d’une stratégie d’humiliation, de pouvoir et d’assujettissement. Le viol commis avec extrême violence vise non seulement à détruire l’appareil génital de la femme, mais avant tout à terroriser la population, à la forcer au déplacement, à détruire la vie familiale et le tissu social. Il vise donc à détruire la source de la vie et nous concerne tous. De plus, il continue à laisser des traces multiples après la guerre - notamment pour tous les enfants issus du viol, lorsque le viol et les violences basées sur le genre se répandent comme des métastases dans des sociétés traumatisées et en perte de valeurs, souvent pour plusieurs générations. 

Les conséquences du viol commis avec extrême violence s’apparentent aux effets des armes classiques, voire des armes de destruction massive. La première fois que j’ai témoigné devant le Conseil de Sécurité sur les viols commis à l’Est de la République Démocratique du Congo, un diplomate d’un des pays membres permanents avait fait remarqué son incompréhension à débattre de cette question au Conseil de Sécurité des Nations Unies.

Depuis lors, des progrès ont été accomplis : une prise de conscience grandissante gagne l’opinion publique mondiale et le Conseil de Sécurité a adopté plusieurs résolutions importantes dans la foulée de la résolution 1325. Après un trop long silence et une culture de déni de la réalité, la question retient à présent l’attention et de plus en plus de survivantes sont informées de leurs droits à la justice mais aussi à l’accès à la santé. 

L’adoption de cette journée internationale envoie un signal fort: la communauté internationale a ouvert les yeux et interpelle chacun de nous à briser l’indifférence, à se mobiliser ensemble, hommes et femmes, contre ce crime odieux. Chacun de nous doit se révolter face à l’inacceptable, et chacun de nous a vocation à contribuer au changement des mentalités pour mettre fin à ce crime souvent présenté comme le plus vieux de l’histoire de l’humanité, mais qui est toujours resté impuni. 

Telle est la raison pour redoubler les efforts de lutte contre l’impunité pour ces crimes qui choquent la conscience de l’humanité. La justice représente l’outil le plus efficace pour prévenir la répétition de ces crimes à caractère sexuel.  Depuis le précédent historique de l’affaire Akayesu lors du génocide au Rwanda, nous avons été encouragés par la condamnation récente de responsables militaires au Guatemala pour des faits commis contre des femmes Maya au début des années 80. La condamnation de Hissène Habré au Sénégal a aussi été saluée par tous comme une victoire des associations de victimes et de la société civile sur la vérité et l’histoire, et un précédent important sur la base du principe de la compétence universelle. Nous gageons que la justice pénale internationale ne va plus s’intéresser qu’aux simples exécutants ou aux petits poissons car malgré les timides progrès enregistrés, nous constatons avec effroi une recrudescence de violences sexuelles en période de conflit et l’écrasante majorité des victimes continuent de souffrir en silence, sans bénéficier des soins si nécessaires pour la restauration de leur dignité. 
 
Il est plus que temps d’agir, de transformer les paroles en actes et d’établir une stratégie et des actions concrètes avec une réelle volonté politique suite aux déclarations faites au Sommet de Londres pour mettre fin aux violences sexuelles en période de conflit. Il faut un engagement clair et univoque pour que la communauté internationale établisse une ligne rouge contre l’usage du viol et les violences sexuelles utilisées comme une arme de guerre. Et ne la laisse plus se faire transgresser dans l’impunité et l’indifférence. 

Dr. Denis Mukwege


ASIA, THE AMERICAS, & EUROPE

Elizabeth Blackney, Media and Communications Director, Panzi Hospital and Foundations
Email: ElizabethB@pfusa.org
Tele: +1 541.390.1913 Skype: @medializzy

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

Daniel Murhula Musaka, Communications Officer at Panzi Hospital
Email: danielmusaka@gmail.com

Prince Mujumbe Salama, Communications Officer at Panzi Foundation DRC and Website & Financial Administrator at ICART
Email: Communication@fondationpanzidrc.org
Skype: Prince-Kwamiso

Statement: Dr. Mukwege on Beni Massacres

 

Statement from Dr Denis Mukwege – 17 May 2016
After Beni Massacres, "peace cannot be achieved at the expense of justice."

(Bukavu, DRC) Since early May, more than 50 people have been brutally massacred in Beni, in North Kivu Province, in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Since October 2014, the death toll in Beni has risen to more than 600. Photographs of these atrocities of masses are unbearable: pregnant women disemboweled, mutilated infants, human beings trussed up and their throats slit with a knife.

From the bottom of my heart, I extend my heartfelt and deepest condolences to all the families affected by this despicable barbarity, and also to all my countrymen and to all friends of the Congo who know victims of the atrocities committed in Beni, Lubero, Rutshuru, and elsewhere.

Our hearts are profoundly affected by the injuries related to the armed conflicts in the region; the crimes and barbaric atrocities occurring in the Eastern DRC for 20 years appear to be resurgent. The population feels abandoned and left to fend for themselves.

The blood of our Congolese sisters and brothers must stop flowing into the streets. Nothing can justify such cruelties, these are men and women and children, and their deaths are not simple news items. Their lives matter. 

More than 2000 kilometers from Beni, our leaders are creating a political empasse, through a false battle around the interpretation of our constitution. The apparent objective is the perpetuation of chaos in order to preserve the privileges of certain people close to those in power. Meanwhile in Beni, evil continues striking our villages leaving behind terror, chaos, blood, and houses aflame.

The Congolese are frustrated, hurt and humiliated. They are demanding more accountability and efficiency on the part of those who govern them. They are mobilizing to achieve the long-awaited, and promised, change.

Delaying tactics and an apparent intent to thwart elections occurring within the timeframe set forth in the constitution, creating a ‘glissement’ or ‘slippage.’ This is extremely dangerous and a violation of the 2277 resolution of the UN Security Council and the principles of the 2007 African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance. This glissement would only prolong the suffering of the Congolese people, to better secure and continue to exploit its resources without accountability.

The definitive solution to the problems plaguing the DRC requires holistic consideration of evil, and the awakening of the patriotic consciousness of the Congolese people. Then the overhaul of the State must establish and enforce laws that embrace human rights and governance oriented to the satisfaction, and in the best interest of all the people. In short, a radical change must occur. The Congolese people must be at the forefront of national sovereignty.

I appeal once again to the international community to implement its responsibility to protect civilians in the heart of the Great Lakes region, where truth and justice have been sacrificed on the altar of peace. We have waited too long, because until now we have neither peace nor justice.

As the massacres in eastern Congo illustrate, peace cannot be achieved at the expense of justice. I am reminded of the words Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote in 1963, that "justice too long delayed is justice denied." Peace can only be achieved where civil and human rights, in concert with economic development and education, and justice, are recognized by our government and the international community. 


Communiqué de Presse du Dr Denis Mukwege – 17 mai 2016

En ce début de mois de mai, plus de 50 personnes ont été sauvagement massacrées dans le Territoire de Béni, dans la Province du Nord Kivu, à l’Est de la République Démocratique du Congo. Depuis octobre 2014, le bilan s’élève à plus de 600 morts ! Les images de ces atrocités de masses sont insupportables: des femmes enceintes éventrées, des bébés mutilés, des êtres humains ligotés et égorgés à l’arme blanche. 

Du fond de mon cœur, j'adresse mes condoléances les plus sincères et attristées à toutes les familles frappées par cette barbarie ignoble, et aussi à tous mes compatriotes et à tous les amis du Congo qui s'identifient aux victimes de Béni, de Lubero, de Rutshuru et d’ailleurs.

Nos cœurs sont profondément meurtris, et nos blessures liées aux conflits armés récurrents dans la région ; les crimes et barbaries qui sévissent dans l'Est de la RDC depuis 20 ans refont surface avec une nouvelle intensité. La population a le sentiment d'être abandonné et livré à elle-même. 

Le sang des Congolais doit cesser de couler. Rien ne saurait justifier de pareilles cruautés qui passent dans l’actualité comme de simples faits divers. Chaque vie compte.
Alors que nos gouvernants organisent une impasse politique et se livrent, à plus de 2000 km de Béni, à une fausse bataille d'interprétation de notre Constitution qui constitue en réalité une démarche bassement politicienne ayant pour objectif de perpétuer un chaos organisé visant la préservation des privilèges de quelques proches du pouvoir, le mal court, traverse nos villages laissant, derrière lui, terreur, chaos, sang et maisons en feu.

Les Congolais sont exaspérés, meurtris et humiliés.  Ils réclament plus de responsabilité et d'efficacité de la part de ceux qui les gouvernent. Ils se mobilisent pour parvenir au changement tant attendu.

Les manœuvres dilatoires ayant pour projet apparent d’hypothéquer l’organisation des élections dans les délais constitutionnels préparent un « glissement » extrêmement dangereux et une violation de la résolution 2277 du Conseil de Sécurité des Nations Unies et des principes de la Chartre Africaine de la démocratie, des élections et de la gouvernance, qui entrainerait une prolongation des souffrances du peuple congolais, en vue de mieux l'assujettir et continuer à exploiter ses ressources sans redevabilité.

La solution définitive  de la RDC requiert une prise en compte holistique du mal congolais, qui passera d'abord par l'éveil de la conscience patriotique du peuple, ensuite par la refondation de l'Etat, et enfin par l’instauration d’un état de droit respectueux des droits humains et une gouvernance orientée vers la satisfaction de l’intérêt général : en bref, un changement radical de l'actuel système. Pour y arriver, l'acteur principal reste le peuple congolais qui doit s’assumer en tant que détenteur primaire de la souveraineté nationale.

J'en appelle, une fois encore, à la communauté internationale pour mettre en œuvre sa responsabilité de protéger les populations civiles au cœur de la région des Grands Lacs, où la vérité et la justice ont été sacrifiées sur l'autel de la paix que nous attendons depuis trop longtemps, car jusqu’à ce jour nous n'avons ni la paix, ni la justice. 

Ces derniers massacres commis à l’Est du Congo illustrent à suffisance, hélas, que la paix ne saurait s'obtenir au détriment de la justice.  Je me rappelle les mots écrits en 1963 par le Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.: « Une justice trop tardive est un déni de justice ». La paix ne peut être atteinte que lorsque le respect des droits humains et des libertés fondamentales, allant de pair avec un développement économique et l’accès à l’éducation et à la justice pour tous, seront reconnus par notre gouvernement et la communauté internationale.

Dr. Denis Mukwege, PhD